Welcome toThe Rothschild Archive'swebsite

Sources for business history: catalogues of bank files

Sources for art history: Catalogue of the pictures of Alfred de Rothschild 1901

Sources for yachting history: Plans for Nathaniel von Rothschild's yacht Veglia 1905

Sources for natural history: Walter 2nd Lord Rothschild and his zebra carriage: c.1910

Sources for global financial history: Map of lines of the Brazil Railway Company: c.1920

Sources for business history: index cards to bank files

Sources for social history: Rothschild Hospital Paris: 1920s

Sources for business history: detail of a Rothschild bond coupon

Sources for architectural history: Halton House: 1890s

Sources for the history of travel: Lionel de Rothschild's tours of Spain: 1909

Sources for local history: Tring Park: c.1900

Sources for Royal history: shooting party with Edward Prince of Wales: 1893

Sources for political history: Lionel de Rothschild: first Jewish MP: 1858

Sources for sporting history: St Amant winner of the Derby: 1904

Sources for local history: gardeners at Aston Clinton: 1899

Sources for Rothschild family history: Lionel de Rothschild's yacht Rhodora: 1927

Sources for London history: entrance to New Court: 1965

Sources for design history: plans for Lionel de Rothschild's Rolls-Royce: 1930

Sources for business history: Rothschild gold bars produced by the Royal Mint Refinery: 1930s

Sources for business history: letters of August Belmont Rothschild Agent in New York: 1860s

Portraits of Rothschild women

New Court contains a number of fine portraits of Rothschild women.

Portrait of Hannah, Mrs Nathan Mayer Rothschild by Sir William Beechey, 1823

In October 1806, Nathan Mayer Rothschild (1777-1836) married Hannah Barent Cohen (1783-1850). Her father, Levi Barent Cohen came from a family of rich linen merchants and had moved to London from Amsterdam in 1770 where he achieved some standing as a merchant. In late November 1806, Hannah went to Manchester to share her husband's home. Nathan was well established in a community made up of merchants, textile manufacturers and his own staff. They embraced Hannah wholeheartedly. Hannah took part in the work of the business, dealing with correspondence and orders and signing cheques on behalf of the firm. Hannah and Nathan had seven children and lived at Stamford Hill and later at Gunnersbury Park. Hannah died at Gunnersbury in 1850, after collapsing while playing with her grandchildren. She was buried alongside her husband at the cemetery of the Great Synagogue, identified as Baroness de Rothschild.

Portrait of Constance and Annie de Rothschild by James G Middleton, 1860

The portrait depicts the daughters of Sir Anthony de Rothschild (1810-1876), second son of Nathan Mayer Rothschild: Constance (1843-1931) later Lady Battersea, and Annie (1844-1926) later Mrs Eliot Yorke. This fine portrait was painted by the Victorian artist, James G Middleton in 1860. It shows Constance and Annie near their home at Aston Clinton in Buckinghamshire. Constance and Annie were noted for their public works. They encouraged their father to support local schools in Aston Clinton, where they both taught, and they later embraced various philanthropic causes including temperance, prison reform, education, and Jewish women's charities.


Portrait of Rozsika, Mrs Charles de Rothschild by Philip de László, c.1910

On February 6th 1907, (Nathaniel) Charles Rothschild (1877-1923) married Roszika von Wertheimstein (1870-1940) in Vienna. The couple honeymooned in Venice. Charles Rothschild was the younger son of Nathaniel, 1st Lord Rothschild (1840-1915) and Emma, Lady Rothschild (1844-1935). A dedicated naturalist, Charles met his Hungarian-born wife Rozsika von Wertheimstein (1870-1940) on a butterfly-collecting trip in the Carpathian Mountains. Rozsika was a Hungarian baroness, a descendent of one of the wealthiest Jewish families in Europe. She was born in Navgarad (now the Romanian city of Oradea), the daughter of a retired army officer, Baron Alfred Edler von Wertheimstein. Rozsika, one of seven children, was fierecely intelligent, multi-lingual and a champion lawn tennis player in Hungary. Charles and Rozsika had four children, Miriam Louisa Rothschild (1908–2005), a natural scientist, Elizabeth Charlotte Rothschild (1909–1988), (known as 'Liberty'), Nathaniel Mayer Victor Rothschild (1910–1990), (the scientist, later to become Victor, 3rd Lord Rothschild) and Kathleen Annie Pannonica Rothschild (1913–1988), (known as 'Nica', later Baroness Nica de Koenigswarter, who found notoriety as ‘the Jazz Baroness’). The family mainly lived at their estate, Ashton Wold in Northamptonshire, and the family also maintained a London house, Arundel House, Palace Green in Kensington.

Please note that these portraits are not publicly accessible.

Portrait of Hannah (Mrs Nathan Mayer Rothschild)

Portrait of Hannah (Mrs Nathan Mayer Rothschild)

Portrait of Roszika (Mrs Charles Rothschild)

Portrait of Roszika (Mrs Charles Rothschild)