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Sources for business history: plans of New Court

Sources for art history: Catalogue of the pictures of Alfred de Rothschild 1901

Sources for yachting history: Plans for Nathaniel von Rothschild's yacht Veglia 1905

Sources for natural history: Walter 2nd Lord Rothschild and his zebra carriage: c.1910

Sources for global financial history: Map of lines of the Brazil Railway Company: c.1920

Sources for business history: index cards to bank files

Sources for social history: Rothschild Hospital Paris: 1920s

Sources for business history: detail of a Rothschild bond coupon

Sources for architectural history: Halton House: 1890s

Sources for the history of travel: Lionel de Rothschild's tours of Spain: 1909

Sources for local history: Tring Park: c.1900

Sources for Royal history: shooting party with Edward Prince of Wales: 1893

Sources for political history: Lionel de Rothschild: first Jewish MP: 1858

Sources for sporting history: St Amant winner of the Derby: 1904

Sources for local history: gardeners at Aston Clinton: 1899

Sources for Rothschild family history: Lionel de Rothschild's yacht Rhodora: 1927

Sources for London history: entrance to New Court: 1965

Sources for design history: plans for Lionel de Rothschild's Rolls-Royce: 1930

Sources for business history: Rothschild gold bars produced by the Royal Mint Refinery: 1930s

Sources for business history: letters of August Belmont Rothschild Agent in New York: 1860s

Metal stamps, punches and dies from the Royal Mint Refinery

The history of gold trading would be incomplete without the Rothschilds; and the history of the Rothschilds would be very different without gold. For 200 years, the trading, refining and mining of gold have been important activities for the business.



Iron, brass and other metal

In August 2015, the Archive took custody of a two mysterious, extremely heavy boxes, formerly held deep in the vaults of the old New Court building. Closer inspection revealed them to contain metal stamps, punches and dies from the Rothschild run Royal Mint Refinery.

The heavy iron stamps were used to stamp Rothschild identification marks onto products (primarily gold bars) of the Royal Mint Refinery. The date of the stamps is uncertain, but they are likely to have been in use c.1900-c.1960. Some of the stamps are clealry recognisable from images of RMR gold bars which clearly bear them. The collection includes:

27 punches
6 round dies
2 RMR wooden handled stamps
3 small 'Rothschild' punches
1 brass palate ' Rothschild'
2 Rothschild assay date stamps
1 hand date stamp for the 1950s in original box

In 1848 a Royal Commission charged with examining the efficiency of the British Royal Mint recommended the separation of the twin roles of refining and coin striking. A recommendation of the Commission was that a refinery be leased to an external agency of the Royal Mint. The opportunity to manage a refinery in England was enthusiastically seized by Anthony de Rothschild (1810-1876), the second son of Nathan Mayer Rothschild and from 1852 until the late 1960s, the Royal Mint Refinery took a leading part in refining the world's gold output, as well as gold and silver sent by the Master of the Mint, and bullion for governments, banks, gold producers and bullion brokers. 

Find out more about the Royal Mint Refinery here »

Stamps and punches from the Royal Mint Refinery

Stamps and punches from the Royal Mint Refinery

Detail of stamped identification marks on a gold bar from the Royal Mint Refinery bearing Rothschild stamps

Detail of stamped identification marks on a gold bar from the Royal Mint Refinery bearing Rothschild stamps