Welcome toThe Rothschild Archive'swebsite

Sources for business history: catalogues of bank files

Sources for art history: Catalogue of the pictures of Alfred de Rothschild 1901

Sources for yachting history: Plans for Nathaniel von Rothschild's yacht Veglia 1905

Sources for natural history: Walter 2nd Lord Rothschild and his zebra carriage: c.1910

Sources for global financial history: Map of lines of the Brazil Railway Company: c.1920

Sources for business history: index cards to bank files

Sources for social history: Rothschild Hospital Paris: 1920s

Sources for business history: detail of a Rothschild bond coupon

Sources for architectural history: Halton House: 1890s

Sources for the history of travel: Lionel de Rothschild's tours of Spain: 1909

Sources for local history: Tring Park: c.1900

Sources for Royal history: shooting party with Edward Prince of Wales: 1893

Sources for political history: Lionel de Rothschild: first Jewish MP: 1858

Sources for sporting history: St Amant winner of the Derby: 1904

Sources for local history: gardeners at Aston Clinton: 1899

Sources for Rothschild family history: Lionel de Rothschild's yacht Rhodora: 1927

Sources for London history: entrance to New Court: 1965

Sources for design history: plans for Lionel de Rothschild's Rolls-Royce: 1930

Sources for business history: Rothschild gold bars produced by the Royal Mint Refinery: 1930s

Sources for business history: letters of August Belmont Rothschild Agent in New York: 1860s

February 2016: Portrait of Rozsika Rothschild, c.1910

Treasure of the Month: The collections of The Rothschild Archive London contain over two million pieces of paper, volumes, files, photographs, artefacts and art works. Each month the archivists will highlight a particular treasure from the collections.

Philip de László, c.1910, Oil on board 89 x 71 cm

On February 6th 1907, (Nathaniel) Charles Rothschild (1877-1923) married Rozsika von Wertheimstein (1870-1940) in Vienna. The couple honeymooned in Venice.

Charles Rothschild was the younger son of Nathaniel, 1st Lord Rothschild (1840-1915) and Emma, Lady Rothschild (1844-1935). He was born on 9 May 1877 and educated at Harrow where he displayed a great talent for entomology. Charles led the London bank from 1918-1923. He had tremendous energy for his many pursuits and occupations, and while the bank at New Court benefited from his practical and systematic approach to the organisation of the firm, his real interests lay outside the financial sphere.

A dedicated naturalist, he met his Hungarian-born wife Rozsika von Wertheimstein (1870-1940) on a butterfly-collecting trip in the Carpathian Mountains. Rozsika was a Hungarian baroness, a descendent of one of the wealthiest Jewish families in Europe. She was born in Navgarad (now the Romanian city of Oradea), the daughter of a retired army officer, Baron Alfred Edler von Wertheimstein. Rozsika, one of seven children, was fierecely intelligent, multi-lingual and a champion lawn tennis player in Hungary.

On the day of their wedding Charles’ uncle, Leopold de Rothschild (1845-1917) wrote to his cousins in Paris “We have just had the pleasure of hearing from our dear brother Nathaniel that everything went off very well and we all unite in wishing every happiness and blessing to Charles and his bride, the marriages of these young people and all others that are soon to come are a great joy to us veterans, who rejoice in the idea and in the fond hope that our family is to prosper and multiply."                    

Charles and Rozsika had four children, Miriam Louisa Rothschild (1908–2005), a natural scientist, Elizabeth Charlotte Rothschild (1909–1988), (known as 'Liberty'), Nathaniel Mayer Victor Rothschild (1910–1990), (the scientist, later to become Victor, 3rd Lord Rothschild) and Kathleen Annie Pannonica Rothschild (1913–1988), (known as 'Nica', later Baroness Nica de Koenigswarter, who found notoriety as ‘the Jazz Baroness’). The family mainly lived at their estate, Ashton Wold in Northamptonshire, although Charles became particularly attached to Hungary. The family also maintained a London house, Arundel House, Palace Green in Kensington.

Philip de László was born in humble circumstances in Budapest. He was apprenticed at an early age to a photographer while studying art, eventually earning a place at the National Academy of Art, where he studied under Bertalan Székely and Károly Lotz. From 1907, he moved to England and remained based in London for the remainder of his life, although endlessly travelling the world to fulfill commissions. His reputation still remains largely as a society portrait painter, but amongst his sitters were industrialists and scientists, politicians and painters, men and women of letters and many other eminent, as well as ordinary, people. This stunning portrait of Rozsika, which now hangs in the Reading Room of The Rothschild Archive, was gifted to the Trustees of The Rothschild Archive by the estate of the late Dame Miriam Rothschild.

RAL 000/1983

Portrait of Rozsika Rothschild by Philip de László c.1910.

Portrait of Rozsika Rothschild by Philip de László c.1910.

Silver plaque inscribed 'To (Her Ladyship) Baroness Rozsika Rothschild with grateful and enthusiastic thanks from the Hadiker Hussars who hunt on the plain lined with acacia blossom'. It was a gift at Christmas 1936.

Silver plaque inscribed 'To (Her Ladyship) Baroness Rozsika Rothschild with grateful and enthusiastic thanks from the Hadiker Hussars who hunt on the plain lined with acacia blossom'. It was a gift at Christmas 1936.