Welcome toThe Rothschild Archive'swebsite

Sources for business history: catalogues of bank files

Sources for art history: Catalogue of the pictures of Alfred de Rothschild 1901

Sources for yachting history: Plans for Nathaniel von Rothschild's yacht Veglia 1905

Sources for natural history: Walter 2nd Lord Rothschild and his zebra carriage: c.1910

Sources for global financial history: Map of lines of the Brazil Railway Company: c.1920

Sources for business history: index cards to bank files

Sources for social history: Rothschild Hospital Paris: 1920s

Sources for business history: detail of a Rothschild bond coupon

Sources for architectural history: Halton House: 1890s

Sources for the history of travel: Lionel de Rothschild's tours of Spain: 1909

Sources for local history: Tring Park: c.1900

Sources for Royal history: shooting party with Edward Prince of Wales: 1893

Sources for political history: Lionel de Rothschild: first Jewish MP: 1858

Sources for sporting history: St Amant winner of the Derby: 1904

Sources for local history: gardeners at Aston Clinton: 1899

Sources for Rothschild family history: Lionel de Rothschild's yacht Rhodora: 1927

Sources for London history: entrance to New Court: 1965

Sources for design history: plans for Lionel de Rothschild's Rolls-Royce: 1930

Sources for business history: Rothschild gold bars produced by the Royal Mint Refinery: 1930s

Sources for business history: letters of August Belmont Rothschild Agent in New York: 1860s

January 2022: Exhibition at the Jewish Museum, Vienna, 2022

Treasure of the Month: The collections of The Rothschild Archive London contain over two million pieces of paper, volumes, files, photographs, artefacts and art works. Each month the archivists will highlight a particular treasure from the collections.

Our first ‘Treasure’ of 2022 is not an object but an event: an exhibition at the Jewish Museum in Vienna about the history of the Austrian branch of the Rothschild family. The exhibition is open to the public until 5 June 2022 and – fittingly for the times – there is much to be discovered online too. 

Setting the scene

The curators of the exhibition (Dr Gabriele Kohlbauer-Fritz and Tom Juncker) were keen to uncover a largely hidden history and to challenge some of the preconceptions about the Rothschild family. To do this they framed their research and the exhibition’s concept as a detective story, accepting no account or narrative until they had investigated it thoroughly.

As a result of this detective work the exhibition includes a number of artefacts that have been retrieved from various basements where they have been languishing for decades. Among these items are two busts of family members:  Nathaniel von Rothschild (1836-1905) and Bettina von Rothschild (1858-1892). Each of them was discovered in hospitals which the Rothschild family had founded and which were named after them.

Around 140 items, including 30 from the collection of The Rothschild Archive, are on display.  One, a letter (and contract) from Albert von Rothschild (1844-1911) to the Austrian Emperor expressing his intention to establish a women’s hospital in Vienna named after his late wife, Bettina, has long been a favourite of the archivists for many reasons.  It is an object of great beauty; it demonstrates the commitment of the Rothschild family to the well-being of the community; it has endured the most extraordinary fate, having been part of a collection of looted materials which were taken from the family by the Nazis and only returned in 2001 from archives in Moscow.      

The exhibition confirms a story that visitors to the Archive have told us over the years when they have seen this item: that the bust of Bettina which you can see on the front page used to be on display in the entrance of the hospital.  It is this bust that the curators recovered from the basement of the hospital building where it had been placed during renovations to the building many years ago.  For the duration of the exhibition the bust and the contract can be seen side by side.   

A catalogue accompanying the exhibition featuring articles by curators, archivists and distinguished historians helps to place the Rothschild family history in its wider context.     

Treasures from the Archive collection

Among the items from the Archive’s collection that feature in the exhibition four have been the subject of previous Treasure of the Month postings.

Rozsika Rothschil (1870-1940): portrait (February 2016)

The Viennese Rothschild ironworks, Witkowitz, Ostrava (August 2016)

The Viennese Rothschild saltworks, Venice (February 2017)

Salomon von Rothschild (1774-1855): 'Archive Register' and portrait (May 2020) 

Die Wiener Rothschilds ein Krimi/The Viennese Rothschilds a Thriller

Introduction to the Exhibition: Jüdisches Museum Wien (in English)

Introduction to the Exhibition: Jüdisches Museum Wien (in German)

Exhibition launch and mini-guided tour video (in German):

The Exhibition runs from 12 December 2021 until 5 June 2022.

llluminated Contract of 1894 concerning a donation made by Albert von Rothschild (1844-1911) to build a women's hospital in Vienna (to be named the Bettina after his late wife).

llluminated Contract of 1894 concerning a donation made by Albert von Rothschild (1844-1911) to build a women's hospital in Vienna (to be named the Bettina after his late wife).

The Viennese Rothschilds a Thriller - portrait of Salomon von Rothschild (loaned by The Rothschild Archive)

The Viennese Rothschilds a Thriller - portrait of Salomon von Rothschild (loaned by The Rothschild Archive)