Welcome toThe Rothschild Archive'swebsite

Sources for business history: catalogues of bank files

Sources for art history: Catalogue of the pictures of Alfred de Rothschild 1901

Sources for yachting history: Plans for Nathaniel von Rothschild's yacht Veglia 1905

Sources for natural history: Walter 2nd Lord Rothschild and his zebra carriage: c.1910

Sources for global financial history: Map of lines of the Brazil Railway Company: c.1920

Sources for business history: index cards to bank files

Sources for social history: Rothschild Hospital Paris: 1920s

Sources for business history: detail of a Rothschild bond coupon

Sources for architectural history: Halton House: 1890s

Sources for the history of travel: Lionel de Rothschild's tours of Spain: 1909

Sources for local history: Tring Park: c.1900

Sources for Royal history: shooting party with Edward Prince of Wales: 1893

Sources for political history: Lionel de Rothschild: first Jewish MP: 1858

Sources for sporting history: St Amant winner of the Derby: 1904

Sources for local history: gardeners at Aston Clinton: 1899

Sources for Rothschild family history: Lionel de Rothschild's yacht Rhodora: 1927

Sources for London history: entrance to New Court: 1965

Sources for design history: plans for Lionel de Rothschild's Rolls-Royce: 1930

Sources for business history: Rothschild gold bars produced by the Royal Mint Refinery: 1930s

Sources for business history: letters of August Belmont Rothschild Agent in New York: 1860s

Art collections: Charlotte de Rothschild

Charlotte de Rothschild (1825-1899), was the eldest child and only daughter of James and Betty de Rothschild. In 1842 she married her English cousin, Nat, the son of James's brother Nathan Rothschild.

Charlotte was amongst the most outstanding artistic characters in her family. In 1839 she studied music under Chopin, and published her own melodies. She studied watercolours under Eugène Lami, with whom she founded the Society of French Watercolour Painters. Between 1835 and 1890, her homes became the focus of celebrated soirées attended by the most gifted artists, musicians, literary figures and bibliophiles. She was noted for her sure eye and confident taste in the work of other artists.

Charlotte accumulated an impressive collection of paintings. These consisted largely of 18th-century French works, including many Chardins, Fragonards, Drouais and Greuzes, but the 19th century was also represented with Corot, Delacroix and Fromentin. English, Italian and Dutch artists were represented by Richard Parkes-Bonington and Turner, and a large number of paintings by Guardi, Ruysdael and Van der Heyden.

Her collection of Chardins was outstanding, and these she bequeathed to her grandson Henri, who organised an exhibition of Chardin's work with his son Philippe in 1929 at the Pigalle gallery in Paris. On her death in 1899, some of her magnificent collections were bequeathed to the Louvre, the Museum of Decorative Arts and the Cluny Museum.

Much of her collection was largely destroyed during the Second World War.

Charlotte de Rothschild (1825-1899) with her husband Nathaniel (1812-1870)

Charlotte de Rothschild (1825-1899) with her husband Nathaniel (1812-1870)