Mayer Carl von Rothschild (1820-1886) was a discerning collector and by the time he died his artcollection was so vast it took up a whole house in Frankfurt. A large part of this collection consisted of gold and silver plate made in Augsburg and Nuremberg in the 16th century of which there were more than 400 items. During Mayer Carl's lifetime the collection was on display to the general public every Sunday.
Drinking vessels, jugs, cups representing women, birds and cherubim, as well as ewers and chalices made up the collection. It also included some fine examples of work based on 16th-century engravings. Many involved not only gold and silver, but also other precious materials, such as jade, tortoiseshell, ivory and agate.
At his death in 1886, Mayer Carl left the collection to his daughters, and much of it descended to Philippe through his grandmother, Laura Thérese. It formed the starting point for the creation of the Museum at Mouton. Other members of the family who collected gold and silver objects were Leopold, Ferdinand, Alice and Adele, Baroness Salomon.