Welcome toThe Rothschild Archive'swebsite

Sources for business history: catalogues of bank files

Sources for art history: Catalogue of the pictures of Alfred de Rothschild 1901

Sources for yachting history: Plans for Nathaniel von Rothschild's yacht Veglia 1905

Sources for natural history: Walter 2nd Lord Rothschild and his zebra carriage: c.1910

Sources for global financial history: Map of lines of the Brazil Railway Company: c.1920

Sources for business history: index cards to bank files

Sources for social history: Rothschild Hospital Paris: 1920s

Sources for business history: detail of a Rothschild bond coupon

Sources for architectural history: Halton House: 1890s

Sources for the history of travel: Lionel de Rothschild's tours of Spain: 1909

Sources for local history: Tring Park: c.1900

Sources for Royal history: shooting party with Edward Prince of Wales: 1893

Sources for political history: Lionel de Rothschild: first Jewish MP: 1858

Sources for sporting history: St Amant winner of the Derby: 1904

Sources for local history: gardeners at Aston Clinton: 1899

Sources for Rothschild family history: Lionel de Rothschild's yacht Rhodora: 1927

Sources for London history: entrance to New Court: 1965

Sources for design history: plans for Lionel de Rothschild's Rolls-Royce: 1930

Sources for business history: Rothschild gold bars produced by the Royal Mint Refinery: 1930s

Sources for business history: letters of August Belmont Rothschild Agent in New York: 1860s

Freemasonry

Members of the Rothschild family have been involved with the Freemasons, a fraternal organisation whose members are concerned with moral and spiritual values, self-improvement, and helping their communities with charitable endeavours.

The Rothschilds began to acquire large estates in Buckinghamshire in the 1840s. In 1836, Nathan Mayer Rothschild’s widow, Hannah (1783-1850), bought a few acres of land at Mentmore in Buckinghamshire for her sons so that they could take healthy exercise away from the city.  In 1850 Mayer bought the Manor of Mentmore for £12,400 and commissioned Joseph Paxton and his son-in-law George Stokes to build him a house. By 1900, different branches and generations of the family owned thousands of acres, so the Vale of Aylesbury almost became a Rothschild enclave, the most famous property being Waddesdon Manor, built by Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild (1839-1898).

Ferdinand de Rothschild Lodge, No. 2420

This masonic lodge was etabslished in Aylesbury in 1892. It was consecrated at the Five Arrows Hotel, Waddesdon on 30th May, 1892. The founding of the lodge brought Freemasonry to the district of Waddesdon, its name being derived from Baron Ferdinand who it was intended should be the first Master. He was in France at the time, of the consercration, where he was taken ill, and unable to be present, but was subsequently installed as second Master in June 1893. The initiation fee was seven guineas, joining fee three guineas and annual subscription three guineas.

On June 11th, 1892 ‘The Freemason’ reported "The Province of Buckinghamshire has steadily progressed since its separation from Berkshire, and it is now one lodge ahead of its late partner by the consecration on Monday, the 30th ult., of the Ferdinand de Rothschild Lodge, No. 2420 … a large number of brethren journeyed by rail from London to Aylesbury, where carriages were found to convey them to Waddesdon, which proved a most enjoyable drive of over five miles, the weather being delightful, and the country at its best. The lodge was opened punctual to time by Bro. Rev. J. Studholme Brownrigg D.P.G.M., and a hymn having being sung, he addressed the brethren on the motive of the meeting … the brethren adjourned to a spacious marquee, which had been erected on the lawn, and which was tastefully decorated with flags, flowers etc. A recherché repast was served in a really excellent manner, which not only reflected the highest credit on the worthy host, Mr Turnham, but which would have reflected credit on any of the principal Metropolitan hostelries.”

Concordia Lodge, No 2492

The Concordia lodge was consecrated in 1893, and met at Red Lion Hotel, Lee Common, Wendover, Buckinghamshire. The badge for Concordia Lodge features the Rothschild symbol of the five arrows. The name, Concordia Lodge may have been inspired by the local Rothschild family, and the Rothschild family motto, Concordia, Integritas, Industria, although 'concordia', meaning harmony, has been a common name for other masonic lodges with no connection to the Rothschilds.

Both the Ferdinand de Rothschild and Concordia lodges are still active.

Masonic jewel belonging to F. Ritchings of Ferdinand de Rothschild Lodge (2420). Produced for the 21st anniversary of the lodge in 1913

Masonic jewel belonging to F. Ritchings of Ferdinand de Rothschild Lodge (2420). Produced for the 21st anniversary of the lodge in 1913

Consecration Programme for the Ferdinand de Rothschild Lodge in 1892

Consecration Programme for the Ferdinand de Rothschild Lodge in 1892