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Sources for business history

Sources for art history: Catalogue of the pictures of Alfred de Rothschild 1901

Sources for yachting history: Plans for Nathaniel von Rothschild's yacht Veglia 1905

Sources for natural history: Walter 2nd Lord Rothschild and his zebra carriage: c.1910

Sources for global financial history: Map of lines of the Brazil Railway Company: c.1920

Sources for business history: index cards to bank files

Sources for social history: Rothschild Hospital Paris: 1920s

Sources for business history: detail of a Rothschild bond coupon

Sources for architectural history: Halton House: 1890s

Sources for the history of travel: Lionel de Rothschild's tours of Spain: 1909

Sources for local history: Tring Park: c.1900

Sources for Royal history: shooting party with Edward Prince of Wales: 1893

Sources for political history: Lionel de Rothschild: first Jewish MP: 1858

Sources for sporting history: St Amant winner of the Derby: 1904

Sources for local history: gardeners at Aston Clinton: 1899

Sources for Rothschild family history: Lionel de Rothschild's yacht Rhodora: 1927

Sources for London history: entrance to New Court: 1965

Sources for design history: plans for Lionel de Rothschild's Rolls-Royce: 1930

Sources for business history: Rothschild gold bars produced by the Royal Mint Refinery: 1930s

Sources for business history: letters of August Belmont Rothschild Agent in New York: 1860s

The New Court Vitrine: Mementoes of the Daily Gold Price Fixing c.2003

The New Court Vitrine, curated by The Rothschild Archive, recalls the cases of treasures and cabinets of curiosity that graced the great Rothschild houses.

Mementoes of the Daily Gold Price Fixing: 1970s telephone, Gold Price Fix union flag and card announcing the price of gold (in sterling, dollars and euros) agreed at the morning and afternoon fixings for the 4 May 2004.

The London Gold Market

The term 'London Gold Market' refers to the five companies who came together to oversee the operation of the gold market in London: N M Rothschild & Sons, Mocatta & Goldsmid, Pixley & Abell, Samuel Montagu & Co. and Sharps Wilkins. In 1919, the London Gold Market set up the first Gold Price fixing at the offices of N M Rothschild & Sons at New Court. The Market's five members remained essentially unchanged for most of its history.

The ritual of the ‘Gold Fixing’

The daily Gold Fixing emerged as a means of restoring systematic valuation to the gold market after the uncertainties of the wartime years. In ‘The Gold Fix Room’ at New Court, each representative had a miniature union flag on their desk. While the price negotiations were in progress, the representative raised the flag to indicate unreadiness to settle. Only when all the flags were lowered on the table and the balance was achieved could the Chairman declare a ‘Fix’. The London Gold Market closed in September 1939 and resumed in 1954.

In April 2004, N M Rothschild & Sons Limited announced its withdrawal from commodities trading, including gold; in consequence of this decision the firm withdrew from the London Gold Fixing. The same year, the digital age finally caught up with the ritual of the Gold Fixing and it now takes place in the virtual environment. 

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The Gold Fixing Room at New Court in 1985

The Gold Fixing Room at New Court in 1985

Artefacts from the Gold Fixing Room at New Court

Artefacts from the Gold Fixing Room at New Court