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Sources for business history: plans of New Court

Sources for art history: Catalogue of the pictures of Alfred de Rothschild 1901

Sources for yachting history: Plans for Nathaniel von Rothschild's yacht Veglia 1905

Sources for natural history: Walter 2nd Lord Rothschild and his zebra carriage: c.1910

Sources for global financial history: Map of lines of the Brazil Railway Company: c.1920

Sources for business history: index cards to bank files

Sources for social history: Rothschild Hospital Paris: 1920s

Sources for business history: detail of a Rothschild bond coupon

Sources for architectural history: Halton House: 1890s

Sources for the history of travel: Lionel de Rothschild's tours of Spain: 1909

Sources for local history: Tring Park: c.1900

Sources for Royal history: shooting party with Edward Prince of Wales: 1893

Sources for political history: Lionel de Rothschild: first Jewish MP: 1858

Sources for sporting history: St Amant winner of the Derby: 1904

Sources for local history: gardeners at Aston Clinton: 1899

Sources for Rothschild family history: Lionel de Rothschild's yacht Rhodora: 1927

Sources for London history: entrance to New Court: 1965

Sources for design history: plans for Lionel de Rothschild's Rolls-Royce: 1930

Sources for business history: Rothschild gold bars produced by the Royal Mint Refinery: 1930s

Sources for business history: letters of August Belmont Rothschild Agent in New York: 1860s

Exhibition - From Bank to Westminster

5: The House of Lords refuses to change the oath

The stalemate continued for a further eight years. In 1851, another Jewish Disabilities Bill was thrown out by the Lords. The following year, Lionel was re-elected for London for the third time. In each year from 1853 to 1857, with the exception of 1855, the Bill was put to the Lords and defeated.

In 1857, Lionel went to the polls twice more. Re-elected, he resigned again when the Disabilities Bill was yet again defeated and was returned unopposed in the City. He had now had his election confirmed five times by the voters.

Meanwhile, in 1851, another Jew had been elected to Parliament. David Salomons (1797-1873), already the first Jewish Lord Mayor of London, was elected for Greenwich. He decided on a less conspicuous approach, entering the House one Friday unannounced. He was not spotted until the Monday afternoon when he was summarily ejected and subsequently prosecuted for not having followed House procedures. The voters of Greenwich subsequently rejected him at the next election, but the campaign was becoming more heated.