Welcome toThe Rothschild Archive'swebsite

Sources for business history

Sources for art history: Catalogue of the pictures of Alfred de Rothschild 1901

Sources for yachting history: Plans for Nathaniel von Rothschild's yacht Veglia 1905

Sources for natural history: Walter 2nd Lord Rothschild and his zebra carriage: c.1910

Sources for global financial history: Map of lines of the Brazil Railway Company: c.1920

Sources for business history: index cards to bank files

Sources for social history: Rothschild Hospital Paris: 1920s

Sources for business history: detail of a Rothschild bond coupon

Sources for architectural history: Halton House: 1890s

Sources for the history of travel: Lionel de Rothschild's tours of Spain: 1909

Sources for local history: Tring Park: c.1900

Sources for Royal history: shooting party with Edward Prince of Wales: 1893

Sources for political history: Lionel de Rothschild: first Jewish MP: 1858

Sources for sporting history: St Amant winner of the Derby: 1904

Sources for local history: gardeners at Aston Clinton: 1899

Sources for Rothschild family history: Lionel de Rothschild's yacht Rhodora: 1927

Sources for London history: entrance to New Court: 1965

Sources for design history: plans for Lionel de Rothschild's Rolls-Royce: 1930

Sources for business history: Rothschild gold bars produced by the Royal Mint Refinery: 1930s

Sources for business history: letters of August Belmont Rothschild Agent in New York: 1860s

Exhibition - Rothschilds & the First World War

6: Viennese Rothschilds in action

Louis von Rothschild (1882-1955)

Viennese-born Louis provided his support for the Austro-Hungarian cause on the home front as the director of the Viennese Rothschild banking house.  Although he was called into active service on 16 August 1915, he was stationed in Vienna to be part of the monarchy’s consortium of banks to focus on the empire’s finances and war bond campaigns.  Louis wrote an article in the Neue Freie Presse calling for the Austro-Hungarian public to purchase war bonds: “Just as the soldier in the trenches fulfils his duty to the fatherland, everyone should contribute within their means toward the fulfilment of the fatherland’s financial needs.”  While Louis’s words and actions exuded patriotism, the international character of his family stirred up feelings of suspicion in the press.  The Armeeblatt criticised Louis for his family connections in enemy lands and not having translated his 'French' name, thus calling into question his allegiance.  The honours Louis received for his financial contributions on the home front, however, speak greater volumes about his loyalty to his home country: he received the Komturkreuz des Franz-Joseph-Ordens mit dem Stern in 1915 and the Großkreuz des Franz-Joseph-Ordens in 1916.

Alphonse von Rothschild (1878-1942) and Eugène von Rothschild (1884-1976)

Upon Austria-Hungary’s official declaration of war against Serbia on 28 July 1914, Alphonse and his younger brother Eugène were called out of the reserves to serve with the Imperial and Royal 6th Dragoon regiment as first lieutenants on the eastern front against the Russians in Galicia.  Alphonse served as an administrative officer. At the start of the war, he served under the first army and was then transferred to the seventh cavalry division, before being promoted to the rank of cavalry captain in the reserves.  In June of that year, he was recognized for his outstanding performance under the second army for his work as a legal advisor and communications officer.  At the end of November 1917, he was posted to the Italian front near Asiago with the eighteenth infantry division and then to the second army on the eastern front.  In September 1918 he was officially discharged from military service and was awarded the kaiserlich-ottomanische Kriegsmedaille.

Eugène served primarily on the eastern front in Galicia and Romania.  Like his brother Alphonse, Eugène served initially in the role of administrative officer.  On 6 December 1914 during combat in Iwkowa, Galicia, he and his horse fell, resulting in a broken leg. Two months later, he was back on the front again.  During a defence manoeuvre against the Russians on December 27, 1915, he stepped in as a commanding officer of a platoon and was awarded the Silberne Militärverdienstmedaille am Bande des Militärverdienstkreuzes mit Schwertern in recognition for his service in battle.  On 9 May 1915, Eugène was promoted to the rank of cavalry captain in the reserves. When Romania declared war against the Central Powers in 1916, Eugène’s regiment moved to the front lines, where he took on the position of chemical warfare officer and was given command of his own reserve squadron.  He was discharged from military service, leaving a highly decorated military career. The highest honour he received was the Militärverdienstkreuz 3. Klasse.

Eugène von Rothschild in uniform on the Italian Front

Eugène von Rothschild in uniform on the Italian Front