Welcome toThe Rothschild Archive'swebsite

Sources for business history

Sources for art history: Catalogue of the pictures of Alfred de Rothschild 1901

Sources for yachting history: Plans for Nathaniel von Rothschild's yacht Veglia 1905

Sources for natural history: Walter 2nd Lord Rothschild and his zebra carriage: c.1910

Sources for global financial history: Map of lines of the Brazil Railway Company: c.1920

Sources for business history: index cards to bank files

Sources for social history: Rothschild Hospital Paris: 1920s

Sources for business history: detail of a Rothschild bond coupon

Sources for architectural history: Halton House: 1890s

Sources for the history of travel: Lionel de Rothschild's tours of Spain: 1909

Sources for local history: Tring Park: c.1900

Sources for Royal history: shooting party with Edward Prince of Wales: 1893

Sources for political history: Lionel de Rothschild: first Jewish MP: 1858

Sources for sporting history: St Amant winner of the Derby: 1904

Sources for local history: gardeners at Aston Clinton: 1899

Sources for Rothschild family history: Lionel de Rothschild's yacht Rhodora: 1927

Sources for London history: entrance to New Court: 1965

Sources for design history: plans for Lionel de Rothschild's Rolls-Royce: 1930

Sources for business history: Rothschild gold bars produced by the Royal Mint Refinery: 1930s

Sources for business history: letters of August Belmont Rothschild Agent in New York: 1860s

Exhibition - Rothschild Gardens

5: English gardens: Exbury

'A banker by hobby but a gardener by profession', was how Lionel de Rothschild (1882-1942), creator of Exbury Gardens, once described himself. Having lived at Gunnersbury Park for many years, and witnessed the creation of his father's wonderful gardens there, he bought Exbury House in 1918 and set about creating the gardens and greenhouses in which his beloved rhododendrons were to thrive.

At Exbury, he set about designing the gardens that would become justifiably famous for their incredible display of rhododendrons and azaleas, many of them brought back to Britain by the plant explorers financed by Lionel. Lionel collected shrubs from all over the world and planted them at Exbury, regularly exchanging seeds and information with other horticulturists and sponsoring plant-hunters such as Frank Kingdon Ward and George Forrest. Lionel believed that the ‘real art of gardening is to make a plant that has come from distant lands not only look at home but feel at home.’

Exbury's massive greenhouses were devoted to Lionel's single-minded pursuit of excellence in hybridisation, whatever the genus, and a huge variety of flowers  - many prize winning - were grown here. During his lifetime, he won many awards for his plants.

Exbury today

The Rothschilds opened Exbury to the public in 1955 and, today, the gardens can be visited from February through to December. Exbury Gardens continue to be looked after and developed with loving care by the current generation of Exbury Rothschilds, and Exbury remains today not only a significant name in horticultural history but a living and colourful tribute to a passion.

Exbury House c.1920

Exbury House c.1920