Welcome toThe Rothschild Archive'swebsite

Sources for business history

Sources for art history: Catalogue of the pictures of Alfred de Rothschild 1901

Sources for yachting history: Plans for Nathaniel von Rothschild's yacht Veglia 1905

Sources for natural history: Walter 2nd Lord Rothschild and his zebra carriage: c.1910

Sources for global financial history: Map of lines of the Brazil Railway Company: c.1920

Sources for business history: index cards to bank files

Sources for social history: Rothschild Hospital Paris: 1920s

Sources for business history: detail of a Rothschild bond coupon

Sources for architectural history: Halton House: 1890s

Sources for the history of travel: Lionel de Rothschild's tours of Spain: 1909

Sources for local history: Tring Park: c.1900

Sources for Royal history: shooting party with Edward Prince of Wales: 1893

Sources for political history: Lionel de Rothschild: first Jewish MP: 1858

Sources for sporting history: St Amant winner of the Derby: 1904

Sources for local history: gardeners at Aston Clinton: 1899

Sources for Rothschild family history: Lionel de Rothschild's yacht Rhodora: 1927

Sources for London history: entrance to New Court: 1965

Sources for design history: plans for Lionel de Rothschild's Rolls-Royce: 1930

Sources for business history: Rothschild gold bars produced by the Royal Mint Refinery: 1930s

Sources for business history: letters of August Belmont Rothschild Agent in New York: 1860s

The New Court Vitrine: Miniature gold bullion and a box of metal specimens, c.1860

The New Court Vitrine, curated by The Rothschild Archive, recalls the cases of treasures and cabinets of curiosity that graced the great Rothschild houses.

Miniature gold bullion and a box of metal specimens, c.1860, including a 10-Tola bar, 100-gram bar, 1 fine ounce coin, and a nugget. Beginning in 1809 and spanning almost 200 years, the trading, refining and mining of gold were important business activities for the London and Paris Rothschild banking houses.

In 1815, the Rothschilds supplied gold to the British government to pay the troops after the Battle of Waterloo. In late 1825, the Rothschilds averted a financial crisis by supplying a large volume of gold to the Bank of England. 

During the gold rushes of  the mid-nineteenth century, Rothschild agents were sent to the major gold producing regions to oversee the family’s business interests. The Rothschilds were directly involved with financing gold mining; as tangible assets, metal and gold mines were an attractive investment opportunity, offering higher returns than government bonds.

In 1827, James de Rothschild began operating his own gold refinery in Paris. In 1852, the English Rothschilds acquired the lease of the Royal Mint Refinery (RMR) in London, a lease they retained for well over a century. Today, gold bars refined by Rothschild and stamped with the ‘Rothschild’ name remain very popular among collectors.

From 1919, for over 80 years, New Court in London provided the setting for the twice daily ritual of the Gold Fixing.

Back to list of Vitrine contents »