Welcome toThe Rothschild Archive'swebsite

Sources for business history

Sources for art history: Catalogue of the pictures of Alfred de Rothschild 1901

Sources for yachting history: Plans for Nathaniel von Rothschild's yacht Veglia 1905

Sources for natural history: Walter 2nd Lord Rothschild and his zebra carriage: c.1910

Sources for global financial history: Map of lines of the Brazil Railway Company: c.1920

Sources for business history: index cards to bank files

Sources for social history: Rothschild Hospital Paris: 1920s

Sources for business history: detail of a Rothschild bond coupon

Sources for architectural history: Halton House: 1890s

Sources for the history of travel: Lionel de Rothschild's tours of Spain: 1909

Sources for local history: Tring Park: c.1900

Sources for Royal history: shooting party with Edward Prince of Wales: 1893

Sources for political history: Lionel de Rothschild: first Jewish MP: 1858

Sources for sporting history: St Amant winner of the Derby: 1904

Sources for local history: gardeners at Aston Clinton: 1899

Sources for Rothschild family history: Lionel de Rothschild's yacht Rhodora: 1927

Sources for London history: entrance to New Court: 1965

Sources for design history: plans for Lionel de Rothschild's Rolls-Royce: 1930

Sources for business history: Rothschild gold bars produced by the Royal Mint Refinery: 1930s

Sources for business history: letters of August Belmont Rothschild Agent in New York: 1860s

Rothschild family estate records

The Rothschild family was extensive, and they lived in many properties in England, France, Austria, Italy and Germany, employing many people in their houses and on their estates. Unfortunately, large quantities of papers concerning the routine affairs and management of many of the Rothschild estates and houses are known to have been destroyed.

Records relating to Rothschild estates

The Rothschild Archive London primarily holds the business records of the London firm of  N M Rothschild & Sons, together with some papers of Rothschild banking businesses in Paris and Vienna.

The archive has comparatively few records relating to the estates and private houses of the Rothschild family. Records relating to domestic staff employed in the great Rothschild houses are disappointingly scant. It may be that records relating to employees, such as letters of appointment, contracts, registers of wages, lists, inventories, bills, receipts, invoices and other papers generated in the running of a household were routinely periodically destroyed.

In addition, large quantities of records relating to the running and administration of Rothschild houses and estates are known to have been destroyed, as estates passed through the generations, or left Rothschild family ownership. Many of the Rothschilds requested that personal records be destroyed upon their death.

As a result, our collection contains quantities of deeds at the expense of other types of estate record, although we do hold a number of loose photographs and albums of photographs of the interior and exterior of properties, and gardens.

The estates for which the Archive holds the greatest amount of archival material are: Aston Clinton, Exbury, Gunnersbury Park, Halton House, Tring Park, Schillersdorf and a number of French family properties. We also hold a very few items concerning Palace House and Mentmore Towers.

Domestic employees in Rothschild houses and on Rothschild estates

The Rothschild Archive has very few records relating to employees of Rothschild houses and estates. As houses and estates were sold or re-developed, many records of the minutiae of domestic life have been lost.

For genealogy researchers, information about domestic and estate staff employed by the branches of the family can be difficult to find. If you know by which member of the Rothschild family or at which of the many Rothschild estates and houses a person was employed, we might be able to tell you a little more in general about the Rothschild family members they worked for, or the place they worked at.

Another useful starting point for research is to check the relevant Census returns, which may record staff who 'lived in' at a particular address.

Some relevant material is held by other Archives; for example Buckinghamshire Archives holds a series of household correspondence for the Mentmore Estate (reference DRO/2/73, including extensive correspondence from Alice Slater, a cook for Lord Rosebery, refuting allegations of wastefulness.

For further information about papers of Rothschild estates, please Contact Us »

The Billiard room at Halton House c.1884

The Billiard room at Halton House c.1884

Household staff at Gunnersbury Park 1914

Household staff at Gunnersbury Park 1914