Welcome toThe Rothschild Archive'swebsite

Sources for business history: catalogues of bank files

Sources for art history: Catalogue of the pictures of Alfred de Rothschild 1901

Sources for yachting history: Plans for Nathaniel von Rothschild's yacht Veglia 1905

Sources for natural history: Walter 2nd Lord Rothschild and his zebra carriage: c.1910

Sources for global financial history: Map of lines of the Brazil Railway Company: c.1920

Sources for business history: index cards to bank files

Sources for social history: Rothschild Hospital Paris: 1920s

Sources for business history: detail of a Rothschild bond coupon

Sources for architectural history: Halton House: 1890s

Sources for the history of travel: Lionel de Rothschild's tours of Spain: 1909

Sources for local history: Tring Park: c.1900

Sources for Royal history: shooting party with Edward Prince of Wales: 1893

Sources for political history: Lionel de Rothschild: first Jewish MP: 1858

Sources for sporting history: St Amant winner of the Derby: 1904

Sources for local history: gardeners at Aston Clinton: 1899

Sources for Rothschild family history: Lionel de Rothschild's yacht Rhodora: 1927

Sources for London history: entrance to New Court: 1965

Sources for design history: plans for Lionel de Rothschild's Rolls-Royce: 1930

Sources for business history: Rothschild gold bars produced by the Royal Mint Refinery: 1930s

Sources for business history: letters of August Belmont Rothschild Agent in New York: 1860s

Rothschild Fauna: 'Rothschildi'

Wherever you are in the world, it would seem, you’re never far from a ‘rothschildi’.

Rothschildi round the world

What connects the Magnificent Frigate Bird to the Broad-striped Marsupial Mouse? Well they are both related to one another - at least in one sense and one sense only: that man has chosen to give them all technical (taxonomic) Latin names that bear a common element. In short they are all ‘rothschildi’. They are not alone. 

Responsible for much of this outbreak of ‘rothschildi’ across the animal kingdom was (Lionel) Walter, 2nd Lord Rothschild (1868-1937). As a child he surrounded himself with exotic animals.  The gardens of the family home at Tring in Hertfordshire were populated by giant tortoises, lizards and wandering cassowaries.  For a coming-of-age present, Walter was given by his father the answer to a long-held dream: a Museum in the back garden, where for nearly fifty years, he gathered together specimens of as many of the world’s species as he could find. This was more than a hobby; Walter was a serious researcher.  Assisted by his two colleagues in the Museum, Ernst Hartert and Karl Jordan, Walter studied his collection minutely, publishing 42 volumes of a highly respected journal, Novitates Zoologicae, and between them describing, in some 1,200 scientific papers, some 5,000 hitherto unidentified species. It was for this great contribution to the study of natural history that Walter was so many times honoured by the application of the name Rothschild  to identify particular sub-species newly discovered by the scientific world.  Miriam Rothschild (1908-2005), Walter’s niece, identified well over 250 such names, including 58 birds, 153 insects, three spiders and a millipede.

In France, in 1904-1905 Maurice de Rothschild (1881-1957), explored Ethiopia and East Africa, leading to the publication of a detailed atlas and listing of the spiders and insects of the region and his scientific papers included detailed works on the sub-species of giraffes and okapis.  Many of the world’s ‘rothschildi’ are of Maurice’s making.

Selected list of 'Rothschildi' 

Achias rothschildi A Papua New Guinean stalk-eyed fly, with the widest head of any insect
Agrias beata beata rothschildi A butterfly from Peru
Amazona barbadensis rothschildi Rothschild’s Amazon, a parrot from the Caribbean and Northern S. America
Ancistrus Rothschild A catfish
Astrapia rothschildi The Huon Astrapia. a bird of paradise
Buteo buteo rothschildi A buzzard from the Azores
Cassida rothschildi A tortoise beetle from northern and eastern Africa
Celerio euphorbiae rothschildi A hawk moth
Chalcophoropsis rothschildi A beetle from Madagascar
Charmosyna p. rothschildii Rothschild’s Fairy Lorikeet
Chiridopsis rothschildi A beetle from East Africa
Closterus rothschildi A beetle from Madagascar
Coendou rothschildi Rothschild’s Porcupine, from Central America
Colletes rothschildi A bee from Africa
Cypseloides rothschildi Rothschild’s Swift
Delias rothschildi A butterfly from Buru, Indonesia
Eos bornea rothsschildi Rothschild’s Red Lory
Eriocnemis  evelinae The Glowing Puffleg
Fregata magnificens rothschildi The Magnificent Frigatebird
Giraffa cameleopardalis rothschildi Rothschild’s Giraffe, from Central Africa
Gygis alba rothschildi The White Tern, from the tropical Pacific, Indian and S .Atlantic Oceans 
Heliangelus rothschildi The Rothschild Sunangel, a hummingbird
Ictonyx rothschildi Striped weasel from North Africa
Isospora rothschildi An oocyst hosted by Leucospar rothschildi
Ixodes rothschildi A tick from Australia
Lampribis olivacea rothschildi An extinct ibis from Equatorial Africa
Lampropepla rothschildi A jewel beetle from Madagascar
Leucopsar rothschildii The Bali Mynah or Bali White Starling
Mallomys rothschildi  Rothschild’s Woolly Rat, or the Giant New Guinean Rat from Irian Jaya and New Guinea, Indonesia
Murexia rothschildi The Broad-Striped Marsupial Mouse, from Australia
Myospalax rothschildi Rothschild’s Zokor, from Kansu, China
Odocoileus virginianus rothschildi The Coiba Island White-Tailed Deer, from Panama
Ornithoptera rothschildi A bird-wing butterfly from Indonesia
Petrogale rothschildi A rock wallaby from Western Australia
Phaeton rubricauda rothschildi The Red-Tailed Tropicbird, from the tropical and sub-Tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans
Phalanger rothschildi The Rothschild’s or Obi Cuscus, a marsupial from the Obi and Bisa Islands of Indonesia
Phasianus colchicus rothschildi  Rothschild’s pheasant from eastern Asia
Phrynarachne rothschildi  Bird’s dung’ spider from Sri Lanka
Poecilictus rothschildi Striped weasel from North Africa
Prepona rothschildi A butterfly from Venezuela
Pyrenestes ostrinus rothschildi The Black-Bellied See-cracker from Central Africa
Rhea rothschildi A rhea from S. America
Schoenbergia rothschildi A bird-wing butterfly from Irian Jaya, named after Walter who financed expeditions
Serinus rothschildi The Arabian Serin, from Saudi Arabia
Tetramorium rothschildi An ant from Ethiopia and Central Africa
Triflyphothax rothschildi A beetle, identical with Tetramonium r. 
Trigonophorus rothschildi A scarab beetle from Taiwan
Xylophanes rothschildi bilineata A hawk moth from Ecuador
Colour plate image of a giraffe from Maurice de Rothschild and Henri Neuville's 'Recherches sur l'okapi et les girafes de l'est africain' 1910-1911.

Colour plate image of a giraffe from Maurice de Rothschild and Henri Neuville's 'Recherches sur l'okapi et les girafes de l'est africain' 1910-1911.

Tree Kangaroo - Dendrolagus Inustus Inustus (Type of D. Maximus Rothschild)

Tree Kangaroo - Dendrolagus Inustus Inustus (Type of D. Maximus Rothschild)